2015 Season Recap - June - Best Ontario Fishing

2015 Season Recap – June

Recalling early June, I remember cool May rains bleeding well into the first weeks of the month. In a typical year, we welcome longer days and warmer weather, but this year was super slow to change. It was a stark contradiction to how May started. In one sense, it was great because it kept the bug hatch in check. Unfortunately, though, it also made for some, let’s say, chilly fishing conditions for those with opposite hopes. 

2015 Season Recap - June - Best Ontario Fishing

One lake in particular posed a big challenge. Historically it’s been a good early walleye bite. Its massive size and deep structures have always been a personal favorite of mine. And you never know what you’re setting the hook on–be it a walleye, laker, perch or patrolling northern pike. Big lakes also produce big fish, so there’s always that lingering possibility.

But this year, early June guests struggled on this usually go-to heavy hitter. Recalling my theory from late May, I think the fast warming then cooling water temps kept the fish from their usual post spawn feeding routine. In fact, and not unusual, guests were catching walleyes still milting from the spawn. However the same size males caught in different locations had been dry for awhile, evidenced by their healed underside. Now that was unusual.

Our regulars, however, knew it was just a matter of time. In the past, I’ve described it as the “light switch” scenario. When it seems like the bite will never pick up and weather is doomed to eternal sourness, BOOM! It happens. The skies clear and what might’ve been a dismal bite 24 hours ago instantly turns into fishing ecstasy. Walleyes go from motionless, lock-jaw vegans to furious, blood thirsty, carnivore-eating beasts. No matter what you throw or where you fish (within reason of course), the post-spawn feeding frenzy comes alive. It’s cool, and if timed right, will be some of the best walleye fishing of the season.

2015 Season Recap - June - Best Ontario Fishing

Year after year, that fact is echoed in the famous Onaman Lake. On some level, you’d think I’d build up a tolerance to this prolific body of water, but it has yet to happen. For me, Christmas come early is June 1st, when this astounding walleye factory opens to angling. And true to form, this year was one for the record books. Time and time again, angler after unsuspecting angler came back with what I now call “the look” – they’ve been Onaman’ed! It’s a term I’ve coined to explain the look on someone’s face after spending the day there. It’s a cross between permagrin and sheer terror sprinkled with genuine amazement. Think of someone finding out they won the 10 million dollar Powerball while sitting in Sunday mass. It’s reserved, but an unmistakable look of pure elation. 

Speaking of Onaman, I am thoroughly convinced this body of water is the PREMIERE walleye destination of Ontario, if not Canada. It’s simply a factory for producing big, ferocious, fighting walleyes. Man I love that lake!

Another neat phenomenon that occurred this year involved aggressively feeding brook trout that was, in a sense, timeless. On a typical year I encourage trout anglers to plan their trips from May to the first week in June. It’s a time when the trout are shallow and with increasing water temps, they feed heavily.  A nice bonus to the early bite is where you find one, more are sure to follow. While true to form for 2015, the opportunity to fish these magnificent specimens ended up lasting all summer. That’s pretty surprising and very uncommon. I know of one guest that fishes Nipigon every weekend. He too was surprised by the all-season bite and took full advantage of it. He boated some impressive midsummer specks, a feat not historically achievable. 

2015 Season Recap - June - Best Ontario Fishing

Did somebody say trophy Canadian pike? Michelle orders 2 dozen Pasha Lake Trophy Club Hats every year. For those of you not familiar with the club, we give a free hat to anglers who catch, photograph and release trophy fish. By late June, I had Michelle place an emergency hat order with our supplier. People had boated so many big pike, we were down to our last 2 hats. 

Evidently the lingering cool water, while frustrating for some walleye anglers, kept the big pike catchable as ever. Customarily, June water makes conditions uncomfortable for shallow pike. This year, they were able to hang out a bit longer, affording our guests paparazzi opportunities typically reserved for “A list” movie stars.

2015 Season Recap - June - Best Ontario Fishing

But every good June must come to end. For me, that means my favorite time of year was just around the corner….

(Introducing my new and improved sign off) – Always be sure to give more than you take. Until next time…

campfire announcement no eggs poultry across border

Announcement: No Eggs, Poultry Across Border

We just got word that until further notice, eggs and poultry are not being allowed from the United States to Canada.

So if eggs are a staple for your camping breakfast or the batter you fry your trophy walleye in, be aware that you’ll have to purchase eggs at one of the convenience or grocery stores across the border. The same goes for any poultry.

We will keep you updated when this ban lifts, but share this blog post with your friends on social media so the guys know to save room in their coolers by not packing eggs or poultry across the border.

Until next time!

group commitment pick dates computer tablet calendar

Group Commitment: Pick Dates

You’re still trying to get your favorite group of buddies up to Ontario to fish some of the best walleye lakes out there, but if you’re the one organizing and trying to schedule around everyone’s busy lives, you’re feeling the frustration right about now. You realize that choosing a time for everyone to meet in person and discuss this trip (or set up a conference call if you’re in different geographical regions) is a good place to start. Read on for the second tip.

TIP #2

Pick dates– another very effective way to get group commitment is to pick dates. I recommend narrowing things down to two options, in this case to two time frames.  Email or call everyone and let them know the only two options for the trip. By doing this, you eliminate the uphill battle of trying to appease everyone and their schedules. Instead, when you pick the dates, they are forced to make their schedule accommodate the group. This also eliminates a lot of the back and forth with suggestions–things like “what about this week?” or “I can’t go that week.” Just pick the dates and it sets a whole different tone for getting a group commitment. The nature of having only two options means people are much more likely to make one of them work.

Food for thought – Herbert Bayard Swope is quoted as saying, “I can’t give you a sure-fire formula for success, but I can give you a formula for failure: try to please everybody.”

Until next time…

two men fishing group commitment

Group Commitment (It Might Be Easier To Solve World Hunger)

Being the point person coordinating a fishing or hunting trip to Canada can be a daunting task. Anybody who’s ever been there can relate. It’s the equivalent to trying to land a 45 inch pike on ZEBCO spooled with mono. It can be done, but not without a whole lot of sweat, tears, and in some cases, drawing of blood!

So what to do if you find yourself in this precarious dilemma? Read on as I have some tips that have helped group coordinators get all hands on deck!

TIP #1

Group meetings–  if your group is in a close geographical location, pick a time and place to meet in person. Most groups facilitate the meeting in combination with something else–for instance, Friday night at the local pub or poker night at Joe’s house. Picking a time when everyone is likely to show up is important. That’s why weekend nights work well. Most people keep their weekends open for some R&R and getting together with friends and family. 

Another option is setting up a conference call. I’ve seen this used very effectively with groups living far apart. There are many free conference call web sites out there. Do a quick internet search to find one, email the phone number, access code, and meeting time to everyone and you’re all set. If you want to get really fancy, some conference call providers allow you to record the call for future use or distribution to others. 

Food for thought – it someone can’t commit to a group meet, in person or on the phone, what’s the likelihood they’ll commit to the trip?

fish ontario fishing packing list

Fishing Packing List

Continuing the topic of preparedness, what you need to bring along (like important travel documents), and overall getting ready for the best Ontario fishing trip of your lifetime, here’s a list of suggested fishing gear to bring with in order to make your trip a success.




Bail Bucket


Bait Container

Batteries for fish finder

Boat Plugs

Bug Spray

Camera (with batteries)

Charger for fish finder batteries


Drift Sock

Drinking Water

Extra Line

Fillet Knife

Fingernail Clipper

First Aid Kit

Fish / Depth Finder

Fluorocarbon (Leaders)




Jaw Spreader

Jig Hole Puncher

Lake Map

Landing Net

Life Jackets


Marker Buoys (x3)

Matches (and/or lighter)




Rain Gear



Signaling Device


Sun Block



Tackle Box

Toilet Paper

Travel Map

Zip Ties

fish in ontario water fishing packing list

And for the ever-important topic of how you’re going to cook these delicious fish out in the bush or at a resort, here are some supplies you should bring along as master chef.

Fish Fry Kit






Sifter Spoon (or tongs) for hot grease


Brown Beans

Freezer Bags

Matches (and/or lighter)

Burner Fuel

Dry Birch Bark

ontario sunset fish ontario get free money

Fish Ontario–Get Free Money

The Canadian government has a tourism incentive for anglers and hunters visiting Ontario.  If you book an all-inclusive package, you are entitled to refund of half or your total tax. In other words, if you’re a large group and pay $300 in HST (Harmonized Sales Tax), the Canadian government will cut you a check for $150.

To qualify, you need to make sure you book these two things:

1)      An “All Inclusive” Package

2)      You need to be provided a “service”

For guests visiting Pasha Lake Cabins, that means anyone who books the Fishing Package is eligible for the 50% refund.

Pasha’s Fishing Package is all-inclusive in that we provide the weekly cabin rental, boat and motor rentals, all the bait and access to all lakes. We also provide fishing cleaning services, semi-guide service, food service at our Tuesday Night Fish Fry and, on occasion, guide service.

Time is of the essence. Refunds are given up to one year after your stay. Click here to download the refund form.

Make sure the official receipt from your accommodations is signed and dated by an employee of the outfit you stayed at. The bill also requires verbiage along the lines of “all inclusive package” and you were provided a “service.” Finally, it has to be marked “paid.” At Pasha, we usually include the package as one line item and the service as the second line item on the bill. We sign it, stamp it paid, and it’s a done deal.

If you have questions about how to submit the paperwork or what is needed, email me at Chad [@] pashalake [dot] com.

boat control three men fishing in boat

Boat Control

Few people realize how essential boat control is to successful Ontario fishing. I’m here to tell you that it’s the quintessential difference in locating and staying on active fish. PERIOD! If you can’t effectively control your boat, I don’t care how many fish are impatiently waiting to inhale your lure; you won’t catch a dang one of them!

What is boat control? It’s the boat driver’s ability to maneuver into a strategic position and thereby maximizing opportunities to catch fish. In layman’s terms? Put your boat over the fish and stay there.

Countless times, I’ve been guiding and the following situation rears its ugly head. In my boat, people are laughing, carrying on and having a good ol’ time. In the trailing boat, there are sour faces and continual perplexity. Our boat is pounding walleyes. The other passes by us again and again, like a Tasmanian Devil tied to a tree with a rubber band. We are hovering over the sweet spot; they are stuck in spin cycle going back and forth.

Of course, by day’s end there are some pretty good ribbings. All anglers are quick to compare notes and see who has been triumphant. The people in the “other boat” always come in second. The reason? It’s not the fish, it’s not the tackle, it’s not the pole or the lake. It was the boat driver’s ability to keep the boat on the best piece of real estate. (Everyone’s heard of “location, location, location”).

So what are some of the boat control tactics we can employ? There are many! But for this conversation we’ll assume you are fishing out of a 14ft – 16ft, bench-style aluminum boat. In Canadian Shield terms, that’s the hot rod for the turf you’ll be on. If your outfitter supplies boats, it’s a sure bet it’ll be the variety mentioned above.

Drift Sock

Personally, I carry a drift sock with me everywhere. They’re light weight and fold up neatly into my backpack. There’s no assembly required, and the good ones have a weight system that makes deployment easy and keeps the sock positioned horizontal in the water column. Quality drift socks are made of tough nylon which allows for fast drying and quick storage. Ruggedness is also important for another reason, as you’ll see.     

First let’s talk size. Remember, we are focusing on 14ft – 16ft aluminum boats. These light-weight boats are easily pushed around by currents. They rest high on the water and have large surface areas that attract wind like a magnet. It can be frustrating to keep these boats in a perfect position, even in a slightest breeze.   

I’m of the philosophy go big or go home! I like to upsize everything but fast food. Although a 20 inch sock is recommend for our boat size, I up it to 40 inches. That’s about the perfect size. It still allows for non-cumbersome storage, yet it’s beefy enough to get the job done in moderate to moderately heavy winds.  If you have to go bigger than 40 inches, you’d better get off the water because the danger meter is in the red zone. Any size smaller and I’ve found it just doesn’t grab enough to effectively slow you down. 

If I am targeting a reef or related structure, drifting with a sock is simple. Go upwind, kill the motor, throw the sock out, and let the wind and resulting current float you over the reef. It’s important to go far enough upwind to let the sock deploy. At the same time, you don’t want to go too far. You’ll waste precious time waiting to drift over fish. 

When drifting, I use a long rope of 10 feet or more to tie off the sock. I do this to avoid becoming entangled when fighting a big fish. Longer rope also gets the sock out far enough where the current break from the boat has less impact on the sock’s performance.  If it’s too close, the water displacement from the boat can cause the sock to spin and not grab water like it should. Think of an anchor. The rule of thumb for an anchor rope is to use a length double the depth of the water.  Same concept with a drift sock–the longer the rope, the more effective the sock is–to a point, of course. 

When it comes to using a drift sock, there are basically 3 tie off points to consider. First, the bow. Depending on the size of your boat, the shape of the structure, and how many people are fishing, the bow can be very effective in controlling a drift. If you have 3 in a boat, as I often do when guiding, I’ll tie to the bow to allow everyone to fish effectively. Once the sock locks in, the nose will turn into the wind and we’ll drift backwards. Doing so lets us fish on either side of the boat, typically jig fishing or dragging slip rigs. Ideally, the front person fishes the port, the middle the starboard, and the driver (usually me) the port (I’m right handed).  This set up allows everyone to fish with little concern of getting tangled with the guy in front him or with the drift sock itself. Tying up front is also effective for fishing narrow reefs that layout in the same direction the wind is blowing. It enables you to maximize the time spent over the reef while at the same time, everyone gets to fish. 

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The second place to tie off is the side of the boat. This is used more with two people in a boat verses three. Tying off on the side turns the boat perpendicular to the wind where two can fish out the same side of the boat. By turning sideways, the amount of surface the wind can catch on the boat is increased. At the same time wind is pushing the boat, the drift sock is pulling the boat. This push-pull concept creates pinpoint accuracy and full performance from the drift sock. To me, this is the most effective use of the drift sock.

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The last place to tie off is the stern. This is where your rugged drift sock is essential. Our goal with tying off to the stern is not to drift; rather, the goal is to troll. Few people realize how deadly effective trolling with a drift sock can be!

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By trolling with a drift sock, we’re able to fine tune our speed and direction. It’s like operating in slow motion–think Keanu Reeves in the Matrix. Not only do you have surgeon-like control, it slows things down to the point where we can react to whatever is happening. Someone gets a fish on? No problem–I can still maneuver the boat, keep an eye on the electronics, and land a fish, all at the same time. Furthermore, I can pause for a second, absorb the situation, and capture in my head the processes to replicate it again and again.

When tying off to the stern for trolling, you might want to consider two drift socks, as the pull from just one can be pretty significant. Or better yet, tie it off to the center of the stern and avoid the pull all together. 

You can also tie a drift sock to the bow for trolling. I’ve done that as well, but remember that even the slightest of turns will be magnified tenfold. Also, you don’t want a long rope or the it will end up in the prop.

Don’t have a drift sock with you? No worries, you can make your own out of a 5 gallon bucket. Just tie a rope on the handle and *voila*, you have a makeshift drift sock. If you have permission from the owner, I recommend you knock a softball-size hole in the bottom of the bucket. That makes its performance much more consistent to that of a regular sock. 

If you want to troll with a 5 gallon bucket, you’ll have to punch some holes in it for sure. I also recommend replacing the handle with a very sturdy rope. The drag from trolling will snap the regular handle out of bucket faster than you can set the hook on a walleye.

Final word on drift socks: make sure you use a bowline knot to tie off to the boat. If you don’t, the torque from the sock dragging in the water will cinch your knot down to the point where you can’t get it undone. 

Stern Mount Trolling Motor

Stern mount trolling motors are very light weight. They clamp on the stern and, more often than not, you don’t have to move the tiller motor to make it fit. You simply clamp it on and you’re all set. Last year, I started playing with this boat control method a lot. I like it!

What I don’t like is the deep cycle battery they require to operate. Batteries of this nature are heavy, awkward to carry, and high maintenance. You’ll have to charge them after every use, and for all intensive purposes, batteries designed for our cars are not very practical in the Canadian bush.

But if you have a lake that you can get a stern mount and battery into, it’s well worth the effort!

If for nothing else, it’s the noise, or rather lack of. I do a lot of back trolling. If I don’t have a trolling motor, that means running the tiller all day. It sucks gas, it can be loud, and the fumes detract from the beauty surrounding me. With a stern mount, I eliminate all those things. They’re quiet, usually have enough power to back troll, and they’re very easy to operate. 

Where stern mounts fail is in moderate winds and longevity. You can eat up a battery charge pretty quick, especially if you’re battling a little bit of wind. You also have to be careful with the exposed battery terminals. Anybody who’s spent time around vehicle batteries knows they’re prone to sparking. Often times on portable trolling motors, alligator clips are used to affix to the battery terminals. Inevitably sparking will occur. That can be bad if your battery is next to your portable gas tank. Catch my drift?

Back Trolling

By far, I use back trolling more than any other boat control technique. 

Quite simply, back trolling is turning the stern of the watercraft into the wind and using the motor in reserve to maneuver. The large surface area of the stern catches the wind while the power of the motor pulls backwards. The wind, waves, and reverse power enables you to be surprisingly precise. Think of two equal opposing forces. When the two powers are equaled, the result will be a deadlock.  Back trolling can be used to stay stationary or maneuver along an edge. It’s an extremely effective technique.

The pluses to back trolling are many. It enables tremendous accuracy, you’re not limited by battery power, and it’s great for fishing multiple people out of a small boat. If you’re forward trolling, your vision is obscured by the other anglers in front of you and constant adjustments are required to stay on course. In back trolling, your field of vision is clear. You can even mark reference points on the shoreline and know exactly where you are in comparison to GPS waypoints or marker buoys. When not fishing, I’ve used back trolling to navigate through rock hazards. But my favorite technique is lure presentation. I can get completely vertical in presenting my jig which allows me to stay on top of a school of fish. On multiple occasions, I’ve watched my jig on my electronics (Lowrance HDS5) and dropped it on a fish’s head. People love it when I call out a fish strike. I’ll see a fish maneuvering for someone’s lure, yell it out, and *whamo* fish on!

The downside to back trolling? First let me say the upside far outweighs the downside. But having to listen to the motor all day can be annoying. In the case where you have a smoking, oil burning 2-cycle, the exhaust fumes can be a detractor. And people not paying attention can get caught up in the motor which is a pain in the butt. Side note – never, ever leave fishing line in a prop. It will get wound up so tight it will destroy the lower end seals and could leave you stranded in the middle of nowhere.

Boat control–it’s as essential to fishing as the lure. Without it, you’re in for long days of little action. You’ll be perplexed by the stringers of fish the other guy has, and you’ll be subjected to some pretty good ribbings. Arguably, lack of boat control is the biggest contributor to a poor day’s fishing. Learning the simplicity of it is not only easy–it’s vital. To employ all the techniques available to you will leave you memories of a lifetime and the pictures to prove it.

Until next time…


Important travel documents map

Important Travel Documents

When traveling to Ontario from the States, it’s imperative to remember to bring the important travel documents with you as you prepare for a fishing trip or other stay in Canada. Here’s a list of the documents and papers you shouldn’t forget:

Travel Documents


Birth Certificate


Credit Cards (remember to tell your credit card company you’re traveling out of country so they don’t put a security lock on your cards)

Fishing License

Outdoor Card

Hunter’s Safety Card

Hunting License


Parent Permission Letter 


Reservation Confirmation  

Traveler’s Checks

Insurance Card

Vehicle Registration

Important Phone Numbers (insurance, doctor, auto repair, roadside assistance, emergency contact)

Medical ID Tags

Important Medical Documents

Driver’s License

Road Side Assistance Info

Fishing and Hunting Regulations

Applicable Warranty information for vehicle and other equipment

While this may seem like overkill when it comes to bringing paperwork for an Ontario walleye trip, you’ll need many of these documents for crossing the border and for making sure your trip runs smoothly. Better to be prepared than faced with an emergency and no way of making contact with those who can help.

bug bites on kid

Bug! Part 1

Take a quick look at my daughter while she was taking a bath one night this past summer. If you didn’t know better, you’d say she was an abused child. While that’s hardly the case, her condition exemplifies why all of us hate those little flying tyrants we call BUGS! They’re annoying, most bite, and if left too long, they’ll leave a welt the size of Mount Everest on the unsuspecting victim. Kids are one of the worst victims, as shown here in this photo.

So what can be done to avoid these nasty little devils? Read on as this two-part article will give you some proven strategies that have helped me deal with this fact of Canadian bush life.


Generally speaking, we have two options to deal with these flying bullies. One, we accept them for what they are and employ protective defenses to thwart off their relentless attacks. Second, we avoid them all together by planning a trip when the bugs are at their least bugginess.

We’ll cover avoidance strategies in part 2 of the blog post. While it may seem pretty much self-explanatory, there are some things you’ll want to pay attention to. For now, let’s talk about seasonal patterns and preferred time frames in our avoidance strategy.


On an average year, the ice out in Northern Ontario is roughly May 10thish, especially on smaller inland lakes.  On the bigger lakes like Onaman and Lake Nipigon, open water starts showing up almost a week later. (Please note the word “average”, as the 2013 and 2014 seasons had unusually late use; ice out occurred almost two and a half weeks later in 2014.)  Timing a trip right after break-up offers anglers one of the best times of year to avoid bugs. Not only that, fishing rivers and other small tributaries can be downright FANTASTIC. Trophy pike stage themselves in shallow bays to recover from the spawn, while hungry walleyes follow suit. Trout stalk the smelt runs, making them hugely susceptible to enticing lures, and the bugs continue to lay in wait for warmer weather. Timing an ice-out trip can be hugely rewarding and at the same time offer an annoyance-free time when bugs are virtually nonexistent  If there are any downfalls to this time of year, it’s weather. It can be wildly unpredictable and might keep fair-weather anglers in the cottage for a day or two playing cards. That said, good fishing in a bug-free atmosphere is the name of the May fishing game.


IT SUCKS – for avoiding bugs that is. Fishing is top shelf stuff!


I don’t know why, but few people realize how good July can be, especially when it comes to the bug forecast. I’m going to throw that word “average” out there again, so please don’t tar and feather me if you experience (or have experienced) something different. On an average year, mid July affords anglers a time like no other. The favorable warmer weather has dried the Canadian Bush out, causing a huge decline in bug populations. Daylight hours which, a month ago, were filled with enough bugs to black out the sun, have given away to much more pleasant conditions. You can hold a conversation outside and when it comes to walleye fishing, it is MY FAVORITE time of the year! Now I am sure there are biological reasons to why the bugs decline, but I lack the biological understanding to give you a solid explanation. But I don’t need to be an entomologist to say July bugs are tolerable and fishing is phenomenal. Despite those positives, one small drawback does exist in July. Biting horseflies rear their ugly little heads, and when they do, they’ll cross vast expansions of open water to get to you–meaning, while in the boat you likely won’t be bothered by black flies or mosquitoes, the horseflies will have you in their sights.


August is just a small variation of July, but with even less bugs. Given the vast fresh waters of the Great Canadian Shield, fishing remains very good while bug populations have dwindled to almost nothing. We have several groups that make August their month of choice for this reason alone. Not only is the fishing good and the bugs gone, but August weather is as predictable as it is pleasant. Stable warm weather is usually the name of the game. It’s not uncommon to get a string of warm days, minimal wind, and very pleasant conditions. This is also a time of year that it’s just simply fun to be in the Canadian bush. Kids can swim, there are endless trails and lakes to explore, and most people have returned home. That means the likelihood of seeing other anglers during a day of fishing is pretty much nonexistent. If I can say anything about August, it’s that you shouldn’t follow the crowds. This is a time that gets less recognition, but the fishing and all the trimmings are as good as it gets. It remains a favorite time of year for those with the inside scoop.


Oh boy, September. I get the chills just thinking about it! I love, love, love September fishing. Not only are there no bugs, but once water temps start to drop, it ignites a feeding storm in the underworld of all things fishing. There are so many things going on in September alone that I can write a whole other article on it. But our focus here is bugs–I hate ’em and September doesn’t have ‘em. I like that!


When the chilly winds of October arrive, bugs have all ready found safe haven in the dense underbrush of the magnificent boreal forest of Northwestern Ontario. Doing what bugs do, they’ll remain there through the winter. Once a string of warm weather thaws the bush, the cycle starts again and we anglers are forced to employ our bug tactics: avoid or defend.

Suffice it to say, certain times of the year afford us the luxury of great fishing minus the annoyance of those dang little oppressors we call bugs. For when they do rear their ugly heads, they bite, they irritate, they seem to be everywhere, and they can make something as special as fishing in the outdoors a burdensome experience. But if you have the capacity to schedule a trip around peak bug season, you can have what most all of us dream of–an outdoor experience full of excitement, immersed in Mother Nature’s beauty, enjoying all there is to offer while at the same time creating memories of a lifetime.

While the above covers the avoidance of bugs, the next post will talk about taking the fight to them on their home turf. Stay tuned…